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BRANCHES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

BRANCHES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

  • Blue biotechnology is a term that has been used to describe the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare.
  • Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. e.g. selection and domestication of plants via micropropagation, designing of transgenic plants to grow under specific environments in the presence (or absence) of chemicals.
  • One hope is that green biotechnology might produce more environmentally friendly solutions than traditional industrial agriculture. e.g. engineering of a plant to express a pesticide, thereby ending the need of external application of pesticides, such as Bt corn.                                BRANCHES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Red biotechnology is applied to medical processes. Some examples are the designing of organisms to produce antibiotics, and the engineering of genetic cures through genetic manipulation.
  • White biotechnology, also known as industrial biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to industrial processes. An example is the designing of an organism to produce a useful chemical. Another example is the using of enzymes as industrial catalysts to either produce valuable chemicals or destroy hazardous/polluting chemicals. White biotechnology tends to consume less in resources than traditional processes used to produce industrial goods.                                  BRANCHES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

DEPARTMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

  • In 1982, Government of India set up the National Biotechnology Board which was replaced by a separate Department of Biotechnology (DBT), under the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1986. It gave a new impetus to the development of the field of modern biology and biotechnology in India.                        BRANCHES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • The department has made significant achievements in the growth and application of biotechnology in the broad areas of agriculture, health care, animal sciences, environment, and industry.
  • A unique feature of the department has been the deep involvement of the scientific community of the country through a number of technical task forces, advisory committees and individual experts in identification, formulation, implementation and monitoring of various programmes and activities.

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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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