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BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile

BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile

  • The BrahMos is a short-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile, jointly manufactured by India and Russia, was successfully test-fired from a warship off the coast of Orissa in 2004. This was not the first trial of the country’s supersonic cruise missile.
  • BrahMos having been test- fired first in 2001 and then in the following year. But the launch in 2006 was significant as for the first time this jointly developed Indo-Russian cruise missile was launched from a ship. It marks the final phase of the trials on the BrahMos.
  • It is a joint venture between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyenia who have together formed the BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited.
  • The acronym BrahMos is perceived as the confluence of the two nations represented by two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.
  • The BranMos is essentially an anti-ship missile but is distinguished by the fact it can be launched from the variety of platforms, land, air, sea, and sub-sea. It is also distinguished by the fact that it is the only supersonic cruise missile in existence; all cruise missiles in use, even in the United States, are subsonic or fly below the speed of sound.
  • High speed, stealth properties, advanced jamming protection, and highly explosive warheads are some of the features that combine to make this the deadliest anti-ship missile in the world.
  • With a target range of a little less than 300 kilometres and a payload of up to 300 kilograms, the eight-meter-long missile can be carried aboard a ship or submarine or, with some modifications, on an aircraft. The BrahMos uses indigenous internal guidance and other software.                      BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile
  • It is the world’s fastest cruise missile in operation. The missile travels at speeds of Mach 2.8 to 3.0. The land-launched and ship-launched versions are already in service, with the air and submarine-launched versions currently in the testing phase.
  • The development of this state-of-the-art missile is a reflection of the widening of the India-Russia defence relationship, a transformation from the routine buyer-seller track to a totally different level of military-technical cooperation.                                                BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile
  • Under the agreement signed in 1998, India and Russia set up the joint missile venture and are equal partners in developing, manufacturing and marketing the missile. It is an example of how the India-Russia defence relationship now encompasses a wide range of activity that includes joint research, design, development and co-production.
  • Bharat Aeronautics Private Limited (BAPL) is contemplating a hypersonic Mach 7 version of the missile, named as the BrahMos II to boost aerial fast strike capability. BrahMos ll will be the first hypersonic cruise missile and is expected to be ready for testing in early 2017.


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