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Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)

Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)

Why in news?

  • The Ministry of Science and Technology has issued a Special Call for the NorthEast Region as a part of its Mission Programme “Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)”.
  • The NER has untapped potential to enhance the income of the farming population by promotion of location specific crops, horticultural and plantation crops, fisheries and livestock production.
  • The Biotech-KISAN Hubs in NER will collaborate with the top scientific institutions across the country as well as State Agricultural Universities (SAUs)/Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs)/existing state agriculture extension services/system in the NER for demonstrations of technologies and training of farmers.

About Biotech-KISAN

  • Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN) is a Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology initiative that empowers farmers, especially women farmers.
  • It aims to understand the problems of water, soil, seed and market faced by the farmers and provide simple solutions to them.          Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)

Objectives of Biotech-KISAN

  • Linking available science and technology to the farm by first understanding the problem of the local farmer and provide solutions to those problems.
  • The working together, in close conjunction, of scientists and farmers is the only way to improve the working conditions of small and marginal farmers.
  • This programme aims to work with small and marginal farmers especially the woman farmer for better agriculture productivity through scientific intervention and evolving best farming practices in the Indian context.                      Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)

Salient features

  • By Farmers: Developed in consultation with the farmers.  Soil, Water, Seed and Market are some key points that concern small and marginal farmers. Biotech-KISAN aims to link farmers, scientists and science institutions across the country in a network that identifies and helps solve their problems in a cooperative manner.                      Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)
  • For Farmers: The Biotech-KISAN is a Farmer centric scheme launched by of the Department of Biotechnology, where scientists will work in sync with farmers to understand problems and find solutions.
  • Farmers as Innovators. The hub will have tinkering lab, communication cell and will run year-long training, awareness, workshops and which will act as education demonstration units to encourage grass root innovation in the young as well as women farmers.
  • Empower women. The woman farmer is often neglected. It is important to empower the women farmer, help her meet her concerns for better seed, storage of seed and protection of the crops from disease and pest. The women farmer is also the prime caretaker of livestock and she is eager to combine traditional wisdom in handling the livestock and with current best practices, especially in the context of emerging livestock disease. The scheme includes the Mahila Biotech- KISAN fellowships, for training and education in farm practices, for women farmers.  The Scheme also aims to support the women farmers/ entrepreneur in their small enterprises, making her a grass root innovator.
  • Connects Globally. Biotech-KISAN will connect farmers to best global practices; training workshops will be held in India and other countries. Farmers and Scientists will partner across the globe.
  • Impacts Locally. The scheme is targeted towards the least educated marginalised farmer; Scientists will spend time on farms and link communication tools to soil, water seed and market. The aim is to understand individual problems of the smallholding farmers and provide ready solutions.
  • Hubs and Spoke. In each of these 15 regions, a Farmer organisation will be the hub connected to different science labs, Krishi Vigyan Kendra and State Agriculture Universities co-located in the region. The hub will reach out to the farmers in the region and connect them to scientists and institutions.
  • Across India. Biotech KISAN will connect farmers with science in the 15 agro-climatic zones of the country in a manner, which constantly links problems with available solutions.
  • Communicating Best Practices There will be a communication set-up to make radio and TV programmes for local stations, as well as daily connectivity through social media.

Biotechnology in agriculture

  • Agricultural biotechnology is a range of tools, including traditional breeding techniques, that alter living organisms, or parts of organisms, to make or modify products; improve plants or animals; or develop microorganisms for specific agricultural uses.    Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)
  • Modern biotechnology today includes the tools of genetic engineering.
  • Genetically modified crops (GMO) are the latest advancement in the agricultural field.
  • These crops result from the alteration in the genetic makeup of the crops.
  • This modification leads to a number of advantages in the crops which include –
    • There is less loss after harvest.
    • The crops can be modified to have additional nutrients value for human welfare.
    • These crops are modified to be highly efficient, i.e, the high yield with less usage of minerals.
    • The decrease in the use of insecticides and pesticides which lead to pollution in the environment.
    • More tolerance to the natural stresses like natural calamities, extreme temperature and weather conditions, lack of water and minerals.              Biotech-Krishi Innovation Science Application Network (Biotech-KISAN)

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