- The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has developed a a next-generation bulletproof jacket called as the Bhabha Kavach.
- The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has developed a next-generation bulletproof jacket for the Indian armed forces.
- This jacket is not only cheaper but also much lighter.
- Bhabha Kavach, named after nuclear physicist Dr. Homi J. Bhabha.
- The jacket weighs just 6.6 kg in comparison to the 17-kg jackets in use, and has passed over 30 tests carried out by certified agencies.
- Bhabha Kavach is available in three variants as per the requirement of the armed forces.
- The jacket is made using extremely hard boron carbide ceramics that is hot-pressed with carbon nano-tubes and composite polymer.
- BARC has been using boron carbide in the control rods of its nuclear reactors.
- While the cost of a Bhabha Kavach is ₹70,000, jackets of similar strength are available in the range of ₹1.5 lakh and have to be imported.
- The superior performance of the light weight jacket derives from advanced ceramics and advanced nano-composite tubes indigenously developed at BARC.
- Presently, the forces use bulletproof jackets weighing over 10 kg and are made of jackal armour steel, alumina and silica.
- Jackets made using boron carbide are first in India.
- Bhabha Kavach has been designed to protect against AK-47 (hard steel bullets), SLR and INSAS weaponry.
- BARC has transferred the technology of Bhabha Kavach to Mishra Dhatu Nigam, Hyderabad, for its large-scale production.
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC):
- The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is India’s premier nuclear research facility headquartered in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
- BARC is a multi-disciplinary research centre with extensive infrastructure for advanced research and development covering the entire spectrum of nuclear science, engineering and related areas.
- BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation.
- BARC research focus areas are the following:
- Nuclear power generation
- Theoretical design of reactors
- Computerised modelling and simulation
- Risk analysis
- Development and testing of new reactor fuel materials
- Applications for isotopes in industries, medicine and agriculture
- Spent fuel processing
- Safe disposal of nuclear waste
- BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country.