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  • The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has developed a a next-generation bulletproof jacket called as the Bhabha Kavach.


  • The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has developed a next-generation bulletproof jacket for the Indian armed forces.
  • This jacket is not only cheaper but also much lighter.
  • Bhabha Kavach, named after nuclear physicist Dr. Homi J. Bhabha.
  • The jacket weighs just 6.6 kg in comparison to the 17-kg jackets in use, and has passed over 30 tests carried out by certified agencies.
  • Bhabha Kavach is available in three variants as per the requirement of the armed forces.
  • The jacket is made using extremely hard boron carbide ceramics that is hot-pressed with carbon nano-tubes and composite polymer.
  • BARC has been using boron carbide in the control rods of its nuclear reactors.
  • While the cost of a Bhabha Kavach is ₹70,000, jackets of similar strength are available in the range of ₹1.5 lakh and have to be imported.
  • The superior performance of the light weight jacket derives from advanced ceramics and advanced nano-composite tubes indigenously developed at BARC.
  • Presently, the forces use bulletproof jackets weighing over 10 kg and are made of jackal armour steel, alumina and silica.
  • Jackets made using boron carbide are first in India.
  • Bhabha Kavach has been designed to protect against AK-47 (hard steel bullets), SLR and INSAS weaponry.
  • BARC has transferred the technology of Bhabha Kavach to Mishra Dhatu Nigam, Hyderabad, for its large-scale production.

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC):

  • The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is India’s premier nuclear research facility headquartered in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • BARC is a multi-disciplinary research centre with extensive infrastructure for advanced research and development covering the entire spectrum of nuclear science, engineering and related areas.
  • BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation.
  • BARC research focus areas are the following:
    • Nuclear power generation
    • Theoretical design of reactors
    • Computerised modelling and simulation
    • Risk analysis
    • Development and testing of new reactor fuel materials
    • Applications for isotopes in industries, medicine and agriculture
    • Spent fuel processing
    • Safe disposal of nuclear waste
    • BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country.



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