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  • Agricultural extension refers to an effective transfer of agricultural technologies and information to the farming community and is undertaken by Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC).

State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms

  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme, launched in May 2005 during the 10th Five Year Plan. Its objective is to support State governments’ effort on revitalization of their extension system.
  • It promotes a decentralized farmer-driven and farmer accountable extension system through dissemination in the form of an Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA).
  • The scheme is in operation in 583 districts of 29 steles and 2 UTs.
  • The scheme supports both state-level activities like upgrading state level training institutions and district — level activities which are farmer oriented like training, demonstration and Krishi Melas,
  • Restructuring of all extension and IT-related schemes of the department and putting them under one mission scheme namely the National Mission on Agriculture Extension (NMAE) during the Twelfth Plan has been proposed.  AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

 Agri Clinics and Agri Business Centres (ACABC) Scheme

  • Launched in April 2002, the scheme encourages unemployed agri-graduates to set up agri-clinics and agribusiness centres to supplement the efforts of public extension system and to serve as supplementary sources of input supply and services to the needy farmers.
  • Capital subsidy to the extent of 25% (33% for North-East and hill areas and women graduates) and interest subsidy for first two years is provided to ACABCs by NABARD.

 The Kisan Call Centres Scheme

  • The Scheme was launched in 2004 during the 10th Five Year Plan to provide agricultural information to the farming community through toll-free countrywide common numbers.
  • The answers are given in 21 local languages by the 25 KCCs located across the country.
  • The Telecommunication Consultants India Limited, a public sector undertaking, is implementing the scheme through a private service provider.  AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION
  • Kisan Knowledge Management System (KKMS) is being developed to provide instant information back up to the call centre agents for replying to farmers’ queries.
  • The State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) are responsible for updating and validating KKMS.


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