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Agenda 21 – an overview

Agenda 21 – an overview

  • Agenda 21 is an action plan of the United Nations related to sustainable development. It was adopted in Union Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED).
  • The number 21 refers to the agenda for the 21st century.
  • Rio+ 20 refers to the UN conference on ‘sustainable development’ that took place in 2012 in Rio de Janeiro, 20 years after the Earth Summit, to review Agenda 21 adopted in 1992.

Additional Protocols to CBD

Cartagena protocol on biosafety

  • The Cartagena Protocol to CBD is an international agreement on biosafety, as a supplement to the Convention on Biological Diversity effective since 2003.
  • The Biosafety Protocol seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by genetically modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology.
  • The Biosafety Protocol makes clear that the products from new technologies must be based on the precautionary principle and it allows the developing nations to balance public health against economic benefits.                                    Agenda 21 – an overview
  • It will, for example, let countries ban imports of genetically modified organisms, if they feel there is not enough scientific evidence for the safety of the products.
  • The importing countries can also require the exporters to label shipments containing genetically altered commodities such as corn or cotton.
  • As of March 2015, the Protocol had 170 parties including the European Union.

Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol

  • Cartagena Protocol is reinforced by Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol.                Agenda 21 – an overview
  • This protocol specifies the liability and responsibility in the event of damage to biodiversity resulting from Living Modified Organisms (LMOs).
  • In case of damage to biodiversity due to living modified organisms, the competent authority, i.e., the Central Government would require the person responsible for the introduction of LMOs to take the required measures, or it may implement required measures itself and recover the cost incurred.

Nagoya Protocol

  • The Nagoya Protocol is a supplementary protocol on CBD to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits on the use of biological resources.
  • It provides a transparent legal framework for the effective implementation of one of the three objectives of CBD.

Tenth conference of Parties under CBD

  • The Tenth COP was held in 2010 in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan.
  • Under this COP, supplementary protocols on CBD were adopted and revised biodiversity plan for the years 2011-2020 was adopted.
  • This biodiversity plan is called, Aiche Biodiversity Plan.                            Agenda 21 – an overview

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Environment & Biodiversity

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