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5 MHz Spectrum Allotted To Indian Railways

5 MHz Spectrum Allotted To Indian Railways

Why in news?

  • Recently, the Union Cabinet approved the allotment of 5 MHz spectrum in the 700 MHz frequency band to the Indian Railways for improving its communication and signalling systems.

About the project

  • The project, targeted to be completed in five years, is estimated to cost over Rs. 25,000 crore.
  • The spectrum charges will be levied based on formula as prescribed by Department of Telecommunications for Royalty Charges and License Fee for captive use as recommended by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).              5 MHz Spectrum Allotted To Indian Railways
  • With this spectrum, the railways will introduce Long-Term Evolution (LTE)-based Mobile Train Radio Communication (MTRC) on its routes.
  • The Railways currently relies on optical fibre for its communication network but with the allocation of fresh spectrum, it will be able to use high-speed radio on a real-time basis.
  • LTE is a fourth-generation (4G) wireless standard that provides increased network capacity and speed for cellphones and other cellular devices compared with third-generation (3G) technology.

Benefits Of The Allotment

  • Provide Modern signalling and train protection systems
  • Secure and reliable voice, video and data communication
  • Help prevent train accidents and reduce delays
  • Enable the railways to undertake Internet of Things (IoT) based remote asset monitoring

Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).

  • It is a microprocessor based control system, which continuously monitors the speed, direction of travel, distance travelled, aspect of the signal passed and alertness of the motorman and thus increases the safety of the railway system.        5 MHz Spectrum Allotted To Indian Railways
  • It will help in improving the safety and increasing the line capacity to accommodate more trains using the existing infrastructure. The modern rail network will result in reduced transportation cost and higher efficiency.

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Mussoorie Times

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