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1942 QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

1942 QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

  • After Cripps’ departure, Gandhi framed a resolution calling for British withdrawal and a non-violent non-cooperation movement against any Japanese invasion.
  • The CWC meeting at Wardha (July 14, 1942) accepted the idea of a struggle.

THE REASONS WERE SEVERAL:

  1. The failure of the Cripps Mission to solve the constitutional deadlock exposed Britain’s unchanged attitude on constitutional advance and made it clear that any more silence would be tantamount to accepting the British right to decide the fate of Indians without consulting them.
  2. There was popular discontent because of rising prices and shortage of rice, salt, etc. and because of factors such as commandeering of boats in Bengal and Orissa. There were fears of Britain following a scorched earth policy in Assam, Bengal and Orissa against possible Japanese advance.
  3. News of reverses suffered by the British in South-East Asia and an imminent British collapse enhanced popular willingness to give expression to discontent. Popular faith in the stability of British rule was so low that people were withdrawing deposits from banks and post offices.                    1942 QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT
  4. The manner in which the British evacuated from South-East Asia leaving the subjects to their fate (two roads were provided – Black Road for Indian refugees and White Road exclusively for European refugees), and the rout by an Asian power shattered white prestige and exposed the racist tendencies of the rulers.
  5. The leadership wanted to condition the masses for a possible Japanese invasion.

AICC MEETING- GOWALIA TANK, BOMBAY (AUGUST 8, 1942):  

The Quit India Resolution was ratified and the meeting resolved to

  1. Demand an immediate end to British rule in India.
  2. Declare commitment of free India to defend itself against all types of Fascism and imperialism.
  3. Form a provisional Government of India after British withdrawal.
  4. Sanction a civil disobedience movement against British rule.
  5. Gandhi was named the leader of the struggle.                                1942 QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

 

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